British Army Medical Standards Explained JSP 950

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About the medical standards:

The general description of JSP 950 states: “These medical standards are designed to provide a framework for the medical assessment of functional capacity of potential recruits and serving personnel from which can be derived a determination of fitness for service.” This is done using an alphanumeric medical classification which will provide each recruit with a number and letter. Each ‘quality’ results in a score:

The alphanumeric medical classification is known as the PULHHEEMS system. This stands for:

P - Physical Capacity

U - Upper Limbs

L - Locomotion

HH - Hearing Acuity (right and left)

EE - Visual Acuity (right and left, uncorrected and corrected)

M - Mental Capacity

S - Stability (Emotional)

These qualities equate to form a recruits ‘profile’. Based on your evaluation, you will be rated a number to correspond with each quality. The numbers are graded 1 through to 8 although not all numbers are applicable to all letters.

As a point of reference, for physical capacity, upper limbs, locomotion, mental capacity and stability, you can be graded one of the following:

0 - Medically unfit for duty and under medical care

2 - Medically fit for unrestricted service worldwide

3 - Medically fit for duty with minor employment limitations

4 - Medically fit for duty within the limitations of pregnancy

7 - Medically fit for duty with major employment limitations

8 - Medically unfit for service


For the majority of Right to Fight supporters, you would have been classed as a P8.

You can read the 70,000 page medical standard document here

Tip: If you don’t already know the shortcut, press Control+F to access a page search bar and type in your medical condition to find it quickly.

If you have any supporting information, questions, additional tips and examples regarding JSP 950 then please leave in the comments section below to help others.


1 comment

  • pauline corbett

    My son has an inverted sternum, medically known as Pectus Excavatum. He passed all cardiopulmonary tests but Capita insisted we pay for tests. An echocardiogram showed no structural abnormalities and cardiologists placed no restrictions on his physical ability. The echo showed mild calcification of the Aortic valve, a very common condition. If this precludes entry to RAF, then all recruits should have an echocardiogram??? Very unfair that a bright, fit young man is denied the chance to serve his country. His chosen career was a Cyberspace Communication Specialist.

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